Emperors are the largest of all penguins—an average bird stands some 45 inches tall.
These flightless animals live on the Antarctic ice and in the frigid surrounding waters.
More information can be found on the National Georgraphic website.
Penguins employ physiological adaptations and cooperative behaviors in order to deal with an incredibly harsh environment, where wind chills can reach -76°F.
They huddle together to escape wind and conserve warmth. Individuals take turns moving to the group's protected and relatively toasty interior. Once a penguin has warmed a bit it will move to the perimeter of the group so that others can enjoy protection from the icy elements.
Emperor penguins spend the long winter on the open ice—and even breed during this harsh season. Females lay a single egg and then promptly leave it behind. They undertake an extended hunting trip that lasts some two months! Depending on the extent of the ice pack, females may need to travel some 50 miles just to reach the open ocean, where they will feed on fish, squid, and krill. At sea, emperor penguins can dive to 1,850 feet—deeper than any other bird—and stay under for more than 20 minutes.
The common name is Emperor Penguin, but it's scientific name is Aptenodytes forsteri
They are carnivores
Their lifespan in the wild is 15-20 years